South Carolina Republican Governor Henry McMaster signed into law Thursday banning abortion in the state after six weeks of pregnancy. The new law allows for exceptions for fatal fetal abnormalities, when the mother’s life and health are in danger. Victims of rape or incest can have an abortion for up to 12 weeks if they have filed a police report and obtained a statement from two doctors.
South Carolina’s is just the latest in a series of strict restrictions on abortion passed by individual states since Roe v. Wade was overturned by the Supreme Court last summer.
Prior to the Supreme Court’s ruling in Dobbs v. Jackson Women’s Health Organization in June 2022, 18 Republican states in the South and West, such as Alabama, Idaho, Mississippi and South Dakota, passed so-called “trigger laws” that banned abortion at the time that the court ruled.
In recent months, eight other Republican-led states have enacted new laws banning abortion at various stages of pregnancy.
Here’s a guide to the new abortion restrictions states have passed since last summer:
The state had a 2021 trigger law banning abortion after heart activity can be detected in a fetus, about six weeks into pregnancy — but the state Supreme Court overturned that law in January, saying it violated privacy rights in the state constitution. That left abortion legal up to 22 weeks gestation. Abortion providers in the state immediately filed a lawsuit against the law in state court, asking the court to issue a temporary restraining order preventing the law from being enforced. The court has not yet responded to that request.
In May, Republican lawmakers in Nebraska’s unicameral legislature amended a bill that would ban gender-affirming surgery for anyone under age 19 and impose new rules restricting access to hormone therapy and puberty by blocking drugs for trans youth to include abortion after 12 weeks. prohibit and then passed the measure. It was subsequently signed by Nebraska Republican Governor Jim Pillen. There are exceptions for rape, incest and when the mother’s life is in danger. Nebraska previously banned abortion after 20 weeks of pregnancy. An attempt in April to ban abortion after six weeks failed by one vote.
The state’s House and Senate overrode the governor’s veto on a party-line vote, with Republicans reaching a three-fifths majority in both chambers after a Democratic state representative switched parties. State law previously banned nearly all abortions after 20 weeks of pregnancy, and Cooper unsuccessfully tried last week to persuade at least one Republican to take his side and uphold his veto. North Carolina law previously banned nearly all abortions after 20 weeks.
North Dakota passed a law on April 24 that almost completely bans abortion, with exceptions in the first six weeks of pregnancy for cases of rape, incest and medical emergencies. After six weeks, only certain medical emergencies, such as ectopic pregnancies, qualify for legal abortions. In March, a previous abortion ban in North Dakota that was almost as far-reaching was temporarily suspended by the state Supreme Court while a legal challenge was underway. There are no more abortion clinics in North Dakota. After Roe v. Wade was overturned, the state’s only abortion clinic moved to Moorhead, Minn.
A law signed in April. 14 by Governor Ron DeSantis would ban abortions after six weeks of pregnancy, except for victims of rape or incest or for women whose health is at risk. Those desiring one of those exceptions would also need to provide proof. The new law will only take effect if the existing 15-week ban is upheld by the state’s Supreme Court in an ongoing legal process. The state’s Supreme Court has a conservative majority.
Hoosier state became the first in the country to introduce new abortion restrictions following the Dobbs decision. In August 2022, Governor Eric Holcomb, a Republican, signed a bill banning abortion, with limited exceptions. Abortions are now only allowed in Indiana in cases of rape and incest in the first 10 weeks of pregnancy, to protect the pregnant woman’s life or physical health, or if a fetus is diagnosed with a fatal defect. Doctors who perform illegal abortions should be stripped of their medical licenses. Abortions can also now only be performed in hospital-owned hospitals or outpatient clinics — abortion clinics are no longer legally allowed to operate in the state. However, enforcement of the new law has been stalled pending the outcome of legal challenges. The Indiana State Supreme Court heard oral arguments in January.
Last September, West Virginia Governor Jim Justice, a Republican, signed into law a law banning abortion, except in cases of rape or incest, up to eight weeks of pregnancy for adults and 14 weeks for minors. It allows abortions of a non-viable fetus or embryo, and when there is a medical emergency or an ectopic pregnancy. Abortion providers not covered by these exceptions face up to 10 years in prison.
In March, Wyoming became the first state to ban abortions through oral medications, which account for the majority of abortions nationwide. The state already had a full abortion trigger ban on the books, but it is currently under court order to enforce it. The same abortion pill is at the center of federal litigation, as a Trump-appointed federal judge in Texas recently overturned the drug’s FDA approval.
Earlier this month, Idaho became the first state to criminalize assisting a minor to have an abortion in another state, with those convicted of violating the law facing two to five years in prison. The law allows the Attorney General to prosecute a case if local prosecutors refuse to do so. It also allows relatives of a pregnant child or the person who got her pregnant to file lawsuits against medical professionals who provide her abortion care, with damages of up to $20,000.